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高中英语十六种时态用法详解之过去完成进行时

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  引语:中学英语涉及到的时态一共有16种,下边给大伙儿提前准备了以往完成进行时用法说明,期待对大伙儿备考复习有协助。   一、结构形式   以往完成进行时由“had …

  引语:中学英语涉及到的时态一共有16种,下边给大伙儿提前准备了以往完成进行时用法说明,期待对大伙儿备考复习有协助。

  一、结构形式

  以往完成进行时由“had been 现在分词”组成,因而没有人称转变。

  二、使用方法梳理

  1.以往完成进行时表明不断到以往某日的一个姿势(可算作如今完成进行时的过去时):

  The ground was wet. It had been raining. 地是湿的。先前一直在雨天。

  At last the bus came. I had been waiting for half an hour. 最终公交车来啦,我已等了三十分钟。

  She was out of breath. She had been running. 她上气不接下气,她一直在跑来着。

  He gave up smoking last year. He’d been smoking for twenty years. 上年他戒烟戒酒了。他吸烟早已二十年。

  2.以往時间能用一个时间状语表明:

  When I first met her, she had been working in the company for ten years. 我第一次看到她时,她在哪家企业已工作中十年了。

  I had not been waiting long when a taxi drew up. 我没等多长时间就来了一辆的士。

  She had been looking at the parcel for some time before she realized that it was for her mother. 这包囊她看过好一会儿才搞清楚它是寄来她妈的。

  Until/Up till then she had been living with her daughter. 到那时候才行她一直和她闺女一起住。

  3.但在大量状况下以往時间由另一句子表明出去,毋需再加时间状语:

  Her eyes were red. It was obvious she had been crying. 她双眼红彤彤,显而易见她是痛哭。

  Jane was annoyed. Peter had been phoning her every night. 简很不开心。约翰一直每天晚上给通电话。

  He was very tired. He had been working all day. 他挺累。他做了一整天活。

  She couldn’t understand him. She hadn’t been learning English long. 她不明白他得话。她学语的時间还不长。

  I woke up—I had been having a bad dream. 我醒了,我做了个噩梦。

  She was very tired. She had been typing letters all day. 她挺累了。她一天到晚都会打信函。

  Her eyes were red. It was obvious she had been crying. 她的眼睛红了,显而易见她刚哭过。

  We had been doing business with each other for years before we quarrelled. 在吵翻以前,大家很多年来在业务流程上一直往来。

  When I first met Ann, she had been working for Exxon for 15 years. 我第一次碰到安的情况下,她已在埃克森企业做了十五年了。

  Jenny was annoyed. Jim had been phoning her every night for a whole week. 詹妮生气了。整整的一星期,托尼每天夜里都给她通电话。

  4.有时候前后文可表明是谈过去的事,因而不用时间状语:

  She had been watching TV all day. 她看过一天的电视机。

  I had been reading your book. 我一直在看着你写的书。

  The rain had been pouring all night. 瓢泼大雨下了一整夜。

  We had been travelling in many countries. 大家一直在很多国家旅游。

  5.这一时态也能用在一些从句中,这时候从句的姿势产生在主句的姿势以前而对其有影响:

  I heard you’d been looking for me. 她告诉我你一直在要我。

  That was just the letter I had been expecting. 这更是我一直希望的信。

  That was exactly what we had been trying to do. 这更是大家一直想干的事。

  I wanted to know what had been going on. 想要知道一直在发生了什么。

  The drive increased the fatigue she had been feeling. 驾车提升了她一直觉得疲倦觉得。

  They said that they had been fighting for their rights all these years. 有人说这些年她们一直在为她们的支配权而抗争。

  三、非常填补

  1.凡不可以用以完成时的形容词均不可以有这类时态,但形容词want (有时候也有wish) 以外。如:

  The boy was delighted with his new knife. He had been wanting one for a long time. 男孩儿对新水果刀非常高兴。他早已要想一把了。

  2.以往完成进行时沒有被动语态。

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